雅思写作的观点到底有没有提分作用-我爱成长网

xthinker  2020-10-10 15:55 

雅思写作的观点到底有没有提分作用

 

一、列举法(details)

列举法,是通过列举一系列的论据对topic sentence中提出的论点进行广泛、全面地陈述或解释,列举的顺序可以按照从主要到次要的方法等进行。

比如是什么因素导致了交通堵塞,brainstorm后得到以下论据:
1. over-population
2. too many cars
3. insufficient roads
4. unreasonable design of infrastructure
5. people’s awareness
6. driving offenders
7. police
8. rules and regulations

二、举例法(example)

举例法,是指通过举出具体事例来阐述、说明主题句的内容。严格来说,举例法也是列举法的一种,它们的区别在于:列举法侧重罗列事实,所列事实力求全面;而举例法侧重通过举出典型事例来解释作者观点,且事例可多可少。

如:It is undeniable that mobile phones have facilitated our lives in many different ways. For example, when an emergency occurs, such as a traffic accident or a violent crime, mobile phones can help the victims to call the police or an ambulance immediately for help. 本例中,for example引出例子论证“mobile phones have facilitated our lives in many different ways.” 而后面的such as则引出emergency的具体形式。For instance与它的用法完全相同,即后面要接句子例证。举例法中常用的连接词及短语有:for example / instance, one example is, besides, furthermore, moreover, in addition等。

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